In an attempt to score a sale, jewelry store executives often end up confusing inexperienced buyers by throwing around a lot of jargons. While the people behind the counters know what they are talking about, it’s often hard for the customers to keep up. To help you judge and understand diamond engagement rings better we created a cheat sheet. The following are 22 engagement ring terminologies, explained in the simplest possible way.
Stone: The diamond or any other gemstone on the ring.
Band: The metal ring usually crafted from platinum, gold, or white gold.
Setting: The housing where the stone is set. Engagement ring settings refer to rings without the centrepiece stone.
Cut: Grading of how a diamond reflects light. A diamond with a superior cut would sparkle more and will thus be more expensive. Most gemological institutions (organizations that certify diamonds and other gemstones) have cut scales or grades.
Color: Refers to how colorless a diamond is. An expensive stone would have a perfect colorless appearance while inferior ones often have a yellowish tone. Color is graded from D to Z. D grade diamonds are colorless and most expensive while Z stones have a noticeable yellow tone and are thus the cheapest.
Clarity: Diamonds often have imperfections. The internal imperfections are called inclusions and the external ones are referred to as blemishes. Diamonds that have no inclusions or blemishes are called flawless. The clarity of a diamond is graded from FL (flawless) to I3, where inclusions are easily noticeable.
Carat: Refers to the weight of the diamond. For reference, a single carat is 200mg. While technically it’s a measurement of weight, carat is often used to gauge the size of a diamond.
Scintillations: Refers to the sparkles when a stone is viewed under the light.
Hallmark: Stamp of authenticity that proves the quality and type of the metal used to craft an engagement ring. Hallmark stamps are made directly on the surface of the metal.
Unique: A diamond engagement ring design that doesn’t conform to any particular predefined style. Apart from featuring traditional designs, most jewelry shops feature an extensive collection of unique engagement rings in the UK.
Multi-Stone Setting: A setting (blank rings without the stones) that has room for more than one stones.
Prong Setting: Where the stone is held in position by 4 to 6 prongs (tiny metal claws). With minimal metal around the gem, this setting makes the gem looks more prominent.
Tiffany Setting: A special 6 prong setting developed by Tiffany back in 1886.
Flush Setting: This is a style of setting where the diamond is hammered inside a hole in the metal band. Only the upper surface of the diamond is visible in a flush setting.
Cluster Setting: Several diamonds are tightly grouped together to create the illusion of a single large stone.
Semi-Mount: A ring without the primary stone but one that comes with secondary smaller diamonds and other colored gemstones.
Crown: The top part of the diamond that remains visible after the stone is set.
Pave: A type of semi-mount setting with several tiny stones packed closely together to decorate the band.
Halo: A ring of tiny diamonds surrounding the center stone. This helps make the centerpiece stone look larger than it actually is.
Baguette: A type of long rectangular cut with clean perpendicular lines.
Solitaire: A ring with a single gemstone. A simple and classic style.
Hand-Crafted: Rings crafted by hand. These are more desirable because they are not mass produced like the ones made using moulds.
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